The list of references at the end of the article should be prepared according to the order of the sources in the article. The format used for resource writing should be in accordance with Index Medicus. (See: www.icmje.org).
Vancouver bibliography format should be used as the bibliography format in Nortwestern Medical Journal. Other bibliographic formats will not be accepted. References should be indicated in the article, in parentheses at the end of the relevant sentence. References should be separated by commas in parentheses. If three or more references are given, the first and last reference number should be written and separated with a dashed line. When specifying the source, if the name of the author is given, the reference number should be specified immediately after the author name as superscript without spaces.
If the number of authors in the reference is 6 or less, all authors should be specified; If more than 6, only the first 6 names should be written and the others should be shown as (et al).
Congress papers, personal experiences, unpublished publications, theses and internet addresses cannot be cited as references.
For on-line publications; DOI is the only acceptable on-line reference.
Examples for writing references (Please pay attention to punctuation marks):
For the article
Surname (s) of the author (s) and the first letter (s) of the name (s), name of the article, journal name, year, volume, number, page number should be specified.
* Rempel D, Dahin L, Lundborg G. Pathophysiology of nevre compression syndromes: response of peripheral nerves to loading. J Bone Joint Surg. 1999; 81 (11): 1600-10.
For the book
Author (s) surname (s) and first letter (s) of the name (s), chapter title, editor (s) name, book name, edition, city, publisher, year and pages should be specified.
* Kozin SH, Bishop AT, Cooney WP. Tendinitis of the wrist. In Cooney WP, Linscheid RL, Dobins JH, eds. The wrist: diagnosis and operative treatment. Vol. 2. St. Louis: Mosby, 1998. p. 1181-96.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
* Zhang M, Holman CD, Price SD, Sanfilippo FM, Preen DB, Bulsara MK. Comorbidity and repeat admission to hospital for adverse drug reactions in older adults: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2009 Jan 7; 338: a2752. doi: 10.1136 / bmj.a2752.
For a better list of references you can get help from applications. (ex: EndNote, Mendeley etc.)