Aim: Acute neurological complaints are one of the reasons why children present to pediatric emergency departments. Neuro-imaging techniques gain more importance in children since physical examination and anamnesis do not provide sufficient information due to insufficient cooperation. We aimed to determine the distribution of patients who applied to the pediatric emergency department with non-traumatic acute neurological complaints and underwent neu-roimaging, and the clinical benefit of neuroimaging in these patients.

Methods: The information and records of the patients who applied to the Konya City Hospital Pediatric Emergency Clinic between January 1 and October 1, 2022, due to acute neurological complaints and underwent neuroimaging were retrieved and analyzed retrospectively. Acute neurological complaints of the patients were classified according to the International Classifi-cation of Diseases-10 diagnostic coding.

Results: This study included 180 (50.5% male) patients. The median age of the patients was 120 (interquartile range: 45-180) months. Afebrile convulsion was the most common reason for admission in 69 patients (38.3%). Cranial computed tomography (CCT) was performed in all 180 patients. Of the patients, 68 (37.8%) only underwent CCT scan, while 90 (50%) had diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 20 (11.1%) had brain+diffusion MRI, and 2 (1.1%) had brain+diffusion+spinal MRI. Neuroimaging abnormalities were statistically higher in patients with abnormal physical examination findings than in patients with normal physical examination findings (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Neuroimaging results are mostly normal even in the presence of symptoms such as seizures, headaches, and impaired consciousness. Therefore, neuroimaging should be planned by considering not only the acute neurological complaint on admission but also the physical examination findings.

Keywords: acute neurological complaints, neuroimaging, pediatric emergency

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How to cite

Çelik H, Özdemir İ, Bilgin N, Özdemir HK. Evaluation of neuroimaging findings in children who admitted to pediatric emergency clinic with acute neurologic complaints. Northwestern Med J. 2024;4(2):57-63. https://doi.org/10.54307/2024.NWMJ.107


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