Aim: Our study aimed to determine the antibiotic resistance rates of K. pneumoniae by retrospectively examining the results of urine culture samples studied in our laboratory.

Methods: Urine samples with K. pneumoniae growth, sent to our laboratory from various wards, outpatient clinics, and intensive care units between July 1, 2018 and December 31, 2022 were included in the study and retrospectively examined.

Results: The antibiotic to which K. pneumoniae was most resistant was cefixime (53.3%), and the antibiotic to which it was least resistant was imipenem (12.1%). While the lowest resistance rates were observed in the samples of outpatients, the highest resistance rates were observed in the samples of ward patients and to cefixime (81%), amoxicillin clavulanic acid (AMC) (80%), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMT/SXT) (74.8%), and ciprofloxacin (72.1%). Ertapenem (48.9%), meropenem (50.2%) and piperacillin-tazobactam (PRP) (57.3%) resistance was found to be higher in intensive care patients.

Conclusion: Although fluctuations in resistance rates have been observed over the years, resistance rates have generally been found to be high for antibiotics frequently used in the empirical treatment of urinary tract infections. Re-adjusting treatment according to culture results and keeping resistance rates in mind for empirical treatment will be important for treatment success.

Keywords: antibiotic resistance, Klebsiella Pneumoniae, urine cultures

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How to cite

Aytaç Ö. Antibiotic resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from urine cultures. Northwestern Med J. 2024;4(2):64-9. https://doi.org/10.54307/2024.NWMJ.108


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